Khustai National Park 

Khustai National Park 

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The Khustai National Park is world-famous for its successful reintroduction of Przewalski's Horse, Equus Przewalski, the only remaining wild horse, since 1992. In addition to the Takhi, as Mongolians call them, roaming freely in their homeland once again, the park and its surrounding area have much to offer to the lovers of nature and the culture of our beautiful country, located in the heartland of Asia. HNP is unique in that it is the only National Park that is managed by NGOs and financed by its income and does not receive any state subsidies. Therefore, HNP has developed a range of ecotourism initiatives to finance its conservation programs within the park. Incomes, earned through entrance fee, accommodation, souvenir sale, and donations, directly contribute to the Przewalski's Horse reintroduction program, as well as other research and conservation projects being undertaken within the park and its buffer zone.

  • In 1993, Khustai Nuruu area taken as Nature Reserve and Mongolian Great Khural has decided to upgrade its status to National Park in 1998.
  • In 2002, HNP registered into UNESCO's Man and Biosphere Network as Khustai Nuruu Biosphere Reserve.
  • In 2007, Khustai National Park* Trust became a member of renowned international NGO IUCN.

 

PRZEWALSKI’S HORSE

Khustai National Park proudly presents the Przewalski’s horse, also known as Takhi, the only living wild horse and other wildlife. This unique horse was extinct in the wild around the late 1960s.

Through an enormous effort from Dutch NGO FRPH and Mongolian NGO MACNE, the first 15 Przewalski’s horses were brought to HNP from the Netherlands in 1992. A total of 84 Takhi were brought to HNP and released during 1992-2000.

Thanks to a well-planned reintroduction program, in 2017 our Takhi number reached more than 300 in 34 breeding harems, and more than 95% of them were born in HNP. Because of this, HNP has the largest Takhi population in one area in the world.

Besides monitoring Takhi, wildlife and vegetation of HNP and its buffer zone, we are also conducting various research works with national and international universities and institutes.

MAMMALS

The quality of the various ecosystems within the park assures abundant wildlife. Within the park, 55 mammals, 223 birds, 2 amphibians, 4 reptiles, 15 fish and over 500 insect species have been recorded. Many of these are mentioned in the Red List as endangered species such as the Przewalski's horse, Mongolian Gazelle, Red Deer, Roe Deer, Argali Sheep, Grey Wolf, Siberian Marmot, Lynx and many more.

There is a good chance you will be able to see many of the above-listed animals during your time HNP.

  • Siberian Marmot - Marmola sibirica
  • Long-tailed Ground Squirrel - Spermophilus undulatus
  • Red Deer - Cervus elaphus
  • Argali Sheep - Ovis ammon
  • Mongolian Gazelle - Procapra gutturosa
  • Grey Wolf - Canis lupus

FLORA
Eighty-five species of lichen, 90 species of moss, 33 species of mushroom and 500 species of vascular plant have been recorded in HNP and its buffer zone. Among them, many medicinal, rare and endangered species grow here. HNP's forest occupies 1850 ha of land, belonging to the most western part of the Khentii Nuruu forest zone. The major species of trees are Birch Betula plathypylla, and Poplar Populus tremula.

«Flowers of Khustai» book, which includes 251 plant species, will help you know more about the flowers not only in HNP but all of Mongolia.

  • Buttercup - Ranunculus grandis (Jun-Jul)
  • Pale Edelweiss - Leontopodium ochroleucum (lul-Aug) 
  • Dwarf statice - Goniolimon speciosum (Jun-Jul)
  • Forget me not - Myosotis caespitosa (Jun-Jul)
  • Cymbaria - Cymbaria dahurica (May-Jun)
  • Bell flower, Campanula - Campanula glomerata (Jul-Aug)

BIRDS
Most of the year HNP is an excellent place for observing birds, as many species are spectacular due to size, parity, numbers, and behavior. Notable is the number of large raptors like Black Vulture, Golden Eagle and several species of Falcons induing the highly valued Saker Falcon. Other birds include Demoiselle Crane, Great Bustard, Black Stork and many more can be seen in HNP.

«Birds of Khustai» book, which includes 203 species, will help you know more about the birds not only in HNP but all of Mongolia.

  • Golden Eagle - Aquila chrysaetos
  • Cinereous Vulture - Aegypius monachus
  • Bar-headed Goose - Anser indicus
  • Mongolian Lark - Melanocorypha mongolica
  • Demoiselle Crane - Anthropoides virgo
  • Amur Falcon - Falco amurensis

CULTURAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES
Khustai National Park isn't just known for wildlife. Historically it has been a well-known area and was protected as a holy place for locals.

In HNP you can see many traces of ancient habitation. Some of the oldest are the many Neolithic tombs that dot the upper terraces and inner valleys of the Tuul River.

The most spectacular gravesite is the Ungot grave. About 1200-1400 years ago people of Turkic origin carved the gravestones in a way that man-like features can easily be recognized.

  • Deer Stone (3000-1000 BC)
  • Rectangular tombs (2000-1000 BC) 0 Statue stones (2000-300 BC)
  • Ungot grave (AD 600-800)
  • Sepulture (2000-1000 BC)

There are two main trails within our national park
Shorter trail: About 36 km long. Generally, you can see ample wildlife before the end of this trail. Animals you can expect to see include: Przewalski's Horse, Siberian Marmot, Red Deer, and various raptors.

Longer trail: About 80 km long. Along with seeing the above-mentioned wildlife, this trail passes an array of ancient historical monuments, such as rectangular tombs, sepultures. Ungot grave and Deer stone.

Tel:         976-21-252244;
Mobile:  976 93230180; 976-93230169 
Fax:        976-21-252243
E-mail:    takhi@hustai.mn

Khustain Nuruu National Park